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SE5044 Engineering Control
Course work 1: Closed loop control in the treatment of Type 1 DiabetesAfter you eat a meal, any carbohydrates you've eaten are broken down into glucose and passed into the bloodstream. The pancreas detects this rise in blood glucose and starts to secrete insulin. Insulin is released from the beta cells in your pancreas in response to rising glucose in your bloodstream.Figure 1: Schematic showing the process of glucose breakdown in human bodyOf all the diseases and disorders of the pancreas, the most well-known is diabetes.Type 1 diabetes: If you have type 1 diabetes, then your body doesn’t produce any insulin to handle the glucose in your body. Insulin deficiency causes a range of complications, so people with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin to help their body use glucose approp
This assignment is based on the control of diabetes 1 with the use of insulin. It is a known fact that when a person suffers from the diabetes1 then it is due to the sufficiency of insulin in the body which is required in order to control the insulin. If the deficiency of insulin is high then the risk of diabetes also gets high and it becomes diabetes 1 which is risky. So, to control this and to maintain the level of insulin in the body, the insulin is injected with the help on injections which helps to control and the maintain the level of insulin in the body. Now, to inject and insulin is not an easy part but it requires several calculations, method and proper knowledge. Insulin is pumped into the body to maintain the level so that the risk of diabetes 1 can be controlled. There are two loop systems that are used to control diabetes or pumping the insulin in the body. The human body is sensitive and requires proper care and treatment once it gets in touch with the body and everybody that has the level of insulin low becomes a threat for the person getting the disease of diabetes.
There are two types of system that are used in order to pump the insulin in the human body. They are
1. Open Loop System
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