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The experience of living with diabetes mellitus (for patient or family)
The global diabetic burden is very high in the country due to the vast expansion of globalization which led to change in lifestyles, food pattern and health outcome. It is reported that around 382 million people are affected by diabetes in 2013 globally. This number is expected to expand to 592 million by 2035. Type 1 and type 2 are widely accepted aetiological classification. Type 2 diabetes is prevalent in majority (85%) of the population. Both type 1 and 2 can result in further complications of macrovascular endpoints such as peripheral vascular disease, stroke, ischaemic heart disease and microvascular endpoints such as neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy. The reduced life expectancy, high rates of morbidity and mortality make diabetes a global health issue (Forouhi and Wareham, 2010).
Type 1 diabetes
It is reported that the prevalence of diabetes in children varies from 0.1 in China and Venezuela to 37.8 and 40.9 per 100,000 per year in Sardinia and Finland. However, the rate observed in Sardinia does not reflect the whole country of Italy since the incidence varies with regions also. Even in China, a 12 fold variation is observed in different regions. European and North American countries was reported to have high or intermediate incidence whereas it is intermedi